How do people get to the railway station : a spatial analysis of the first and the last part of multimodal trips
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The quality of transport networks does not only depend on the quality of the individual links and nodes, but also on the way these nodes and linksfunction in the context of (multimodal)networks. In the present paper we focus on multimodal trips where the railways are the maintransport mode. We discuss detour and frequency problems related to multimodal transportchains. Local accessibility of railway stations is an important determinant of railway use in the Netherlands. We find that the propensity to make useof rail services of people living in the ring between 500 to 1000 meter from a railway station is about 20% lower than of people living at most 500meter away from railway stations. At distances between 1 .O and 3.5 km the distance decay effect is about 30%: and above this distance it may reachvalues up to 50%. Non-motorized transport modes are dominant at both the home-end and the Activity-end. A rather unique feature of the home-end accessmode is the high share of the bicycle. More than one out of every three passengers uses the bike on the trip from home to station. At the activity-endthe share of the bike is much smaller, because of the asymmetry in the supply of this transport mode in the home versus the activity-end. This explainsthe dominant position of walking as the access mode at the activity-end. Implications are discussed for physical planning and the need for facilitiesnear railway stations.